SPFx Unit Testing with Jest and Enzyme

4 minute read

SPFx Unit Testing with Jest and Enzyme

Introduction

Testing is an important phase of software life cycle. It should be a part of continuous development and deployment to achieve better results. SharePoint framework is no exception to this. As a part of SPFx solution development, we should have supporting test cases to test the functionality independently or as regression testing. Having significant test cases help to develop new functionalities by ensuring the integrity of the existing functionality.

In this article, we will develop unit tests for SPFx solution using Enzyme and Jest JavaScript Testing Framework.

Importance of unit testing

Unit testing is important because of following reasons

  1. Early bug detection
  2. Makes the process agile
  3. Improves quality of code
  4. Facilitates changes and simplifies integration
  5. Provides documentation of the system
  6. Simplifies debugging process

Create SPFx Web Part

  1. Open a command prompt. Create a directory for SPFx solution.

     md spfx-jest-test
    
  2. Navigate to the above created directory.

     cd spfx-jest-test
    
  3. Run the Yeoman SharePoint Generator to create the solution.

     yo @microsoft/sharepoint
    
  4. Yeoman generator will present you with the wizard by asking questions about the solution to be created.

    • Solution Name: Hit enter to have default name (spfx-jest-test in this case) or type in any other name for your solution.
      • Selected choice: Hit enter
    • Target for the component: Here we can select the target environment where we are planning to deploy the client web part i.e. SharePoint Online or SharePoint On-Premises (SharePoint 2016 onwards).
      • Selected choice: SharePoint Online only (latest)
    • Place of files: We may choose to use the same folder or create a sub-folder for our solution.
      • Selected choice: Same folder
    • Deployment option: Selecting Y will allow the app to deployed instantly to all sites and will be accessible everywhere.
      • Selected choice: N (install on each site explicitly)
    • Permissions to access web APIs: Choose if the components in the solution require permissions to access web APIs that are unique and not shared with other components in the tenant.
      • Selected choice: N (solution contains unique permissions)
    • Type of client-side component to create: We can choose to create client side web part or an extension. Choose web part option.
      • Selected choice: WebPart
    • Web part name: Hit enter to select the default name or type in any other name.
      • Selected choice: SPFxTest
    • Web part description: Hit enter to select the default description or type in any other value.
      • Selected choice: Unit test SPFx with Jest
    • Framework to use: Select any JavaScript framework to develop the component. Available choices are (No JavaScript Framework, React, and Knockout)
      • Selected choice: React
  5. Yeoman generator will perform scaffolding process to generate the solution. The scaffolding process will take a significant amount of time.
  6. Once the scaffolding process is completed, lock down the version of project dependencies by running below command.

     npm shrinkwrap
    
  7. On the command prompt type below command to open the solution in the code editor of your choice.

     code .
    
  8. Update render method of the React component “src\webparts\spFxTest\components\SpFxTest.tsx” to execute the test cases against.
public render(): React.ReactElement<ISpFxTestProps> {  
  return (  
    <div className={ styles.spFxTest } id="spfxTest">  
      <div className={ styles.container }>  
        <div className={ styles.row }>  
          <div className={ styles.column }>  
            <span className={ styles.title }>Welcome to SharePoint!</span>  
            <p className={ styles.subTitle }>Customize SharePoint experiences using Web Parts.</p>  
            <h1 className={styles.title}>SPFx Test webpart</h1>  
            <p className={ styles.description }>{escape(this.props.description)}</p>  
            <a href="https://aka.ms/spfx" className={ styles.button }>  
              <span className={ styles.label }>Learn more</span>  
            </a>  
          </div>  
        </div>  
      </div>  
    </div>  
  );  
}

 

NPM Dependencies

Enzyme

Developed by Airbnb. It represents test utilities for React.

On the command prompt, run below command.

npm install enzyme enzyme-adapter-react-16 react-test-renderer @types/enzyme --save-dev --save-exact

Jest

It supports asserts, mocking, code coverage, coverage threshold for continuous deployment, and summary report.

npm install jest jest-junit ts-jest @types/jest --save-dev --save-exact

identity-obj-proxy

Allows to test SASS / LESS / CSS imports.

npm install identity-obj-proxy --save-dev --save-exact

 

Setup Jest with SPFx

We will use Jest to install npm packages in our SPFx solution.

  1. Open package.json file.
  2. Under “scripts” section for “test” configuration, replace “gulp test” with “jest”.

  3. Add “jest” configuration after “devDependencies”.
"jest": {  
  "moduleFileExtensions": [  
    "ts",  
    "tsx",  
    "js"  
  ],  
  "transform": {  
    "^.+\\.(ts|tsx)$": "ts-jest"  
  },  
  "testMatch": [  
    "**/src/**/*.test.+(ts|tsx|js)"  
  ],  
  "collectCoverage": true,  
  "coverageReporters": [  
    "json",  
    "lcov",  
    "text",  
    "cobertura"  
  ],  
  "coverageDirectory": "<rootDir>/jest",  
  "moduleNameMapper": {  
    "\\.(css|less|scss|sass)$": "identity-obj-proxy"  
  },  
  "reporters": [  
    "default",  
    "jest-junit"  
  ],  
  "coverageThreshold": {  
    "global": {  
      "branches": 100,  
      "functions": 100,  
      "lines": 100,  
      "statements": 100  
    }  
  }  
},  
"jest-junit": {  
  "output": "./jest/summary-jest-junit.xml"  
}

Add Tests to SPFx WebPart

In Visual Studio Code, follow below steps to add some tests to our SPFx solution.

  1. Add “test” folder under “src\webparts\spFxTest".
  2. Under “test” folder, add a file “basic.test.ts”.
/// <reference types="jest" />  
  
import * as React from 'react';  
import { configure, mount, ReactWrapper } from 'enzyme';  
import * as Adapter from 'enzyme-adapter-react-16';  
  
configure({ adapter: new Adapter() });  
  
import SpFxTest from '../components/SpFxTest';  
import { ISpFxTestProps } from '../components/ISpFxTestProps';  
  
describe('Enzyme basics', () => {  
  
  let reactComponent: ReactWrapper<ISpFxTestProps, {}>;  
  
  beforeEach(() => {  
  
    reactComponent = mount(React.createElement(  
      SpFxTest,  
      {  
        description: "SPFx Test"  
      }  
    ));  
  });  
  
  afterEach(() => {  
    reactComponent.unmount();  
  });  
  
  it('should root web part element exists', () => {  
  
    // define the css selector  
    let cssSelector: string = '#spfxTest';  
  
    // find the element using css selector  
    const element = reactComponent.find(cssSelector);  
    expect(element.length).toBeGreaterThan(0);  
  });  
  
  it('should has the correct title', () => {  
    // Arrange  
    // define contains/like css selector  
    let cssSelector: string = 'h1';  
  
    // Act  
    // find the element using css selector  
    const text = reactComponent.find(cssSelector).text();  
  
    // Assert  
    expect(text).toBe("SPFx Test webpart");    
  });  
});

 

Run Test Cases

On the command prompt run below command to execute the test cases.

npm test

Summary

Unit test help to develop new functionalities by ensuring the integrity of the existing functionality. Unit tests for SPFx solution can be developed using Jest JavaScript Testing Framework.

This content was originally posted here.

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